Panama is a large isthmus strip with a total area of 75,517 km2.
It is located at the east end of Central America. It has borders with Costa Rica on the west and Colombia on the east. The north coast is on the Caribbean Sea and the south on the Pacific Ocean. This location keeps Panama safe from hurricanes that affect most other countries in the Caribbean, but rainfall is abundant.
If you come by air, you will arrive at Tocumen International Airport.
By air: The available airlines are Copa Airlines, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Avior Airlines, Air France, Avianca, Aeromexico, Spiri, Air Canada, American Airlines, Delta, Condor, Lufthansa, United Airlines, Venezolana Airlines, Aruba Airlines, Turkish Airlines, Iberia, Conviasa, Laser Airlines, SBA Airlines
By land: Panama has three border crossings with Costa Rica: Paso Canoa along the Pacific side, Guabito-Sixaola on the Caribbean side, and Río Sereno in the highlands. Paso Canoa is along the Interamericana (Interamerican Highway) and is the route used most. The Guabito-Sixaola border crossing is mainly used by travelers heading to and from Bocas del Toro. Río Sereno is somewhat difficult to access and is not always open for foreigners.
The Panama Canal is visited by thousands of tourists each year, many of them on cruise ships. Panama has two cruise-ship ports along the Caribbean coast near Colón and one along the Pacific side at Amador. The main season for cruises through the Panama Canal is between October and April. It takes around 8–10 hours to transit the canal.
If you are traveling to Panama, you have to keep in mind that tourist Visa requirements vary according to the country of origin. For further information please contact the Panamanian embassy or consulate in your country: http://www.panamaenelexterior.gob.pa/
For passport is mandatory to have minimum of three months of validity
Panama has a tropical climate. Temperatures vary little throughout the year, commonly around 85-95º F (about 29-35º C). Colder temperatures occur in mountainous regions such as Western highlands. Temperatures are usually higher on the Pacific than on the Caribbean.
Panama has mainly two seasons: the dry season from December to April with sunny days and fresh breeze, and the rainy season from May to November with a more humid environment and lots of rain.
But you will find a lot to do any time you visit Panama.
No vaccines are required to visit Panama, although its highly recommended that you have the vaccination for malaria, typhoid, hepatitis.
The health insurance coverage is supported by the visitor. There are private hospitals and smalls clinics opened 24 hours. In terms of health care, Panama is a safe country.
To avoid diseases during your trip: We recommend you to not drink water directly from the faucet, only bottled water.
Panama offers amazing diversity in a relatively small area allowing families to experience incredible variety without the hassle of long transfers. Panama tours offer a mix of activities to interest most kids including rainforest hikes, wildlife, watching boats traverse the Panama, canal, and relaxing at the beach. Some tours include whitewater rafting or all day hikes, but alternatives to these activities can be arranged for younger children!